Our Services

Routine procedures in a comforting environment.

Surgery

Surgery

We perform routine surgical procedures at Deerfield Veterinary Hospital by appointment, Monday through Friday. Our pet surgeons perform nearly all routine procedures on an out-patient basis, so your friend can go home the same day. Surgery admissions are from 7am to 8:30am to allow same day postoperative recovery and discharge. We recommend pre-surgical blood work for all pets. Before we perform any procedure requiring anesthesia, we strongly recommend and may require blood testing to confirm that your pet’s organs are functioning properly. We routinely call our clients after surgical procedures are completed for updates and special care instructions. Discharge from the hospital occurs only after patients have completely recovered from the effects of general anesthesia (usually between 3pm – 5pm).

denise procedure

Routine procedures require withholding food 12 hours prior to admission and withholding water the morning of your appointment.

Routine Surgical Procedures

Castration is the surgical removal of the testicles. Such surgery is performed to eliminate sexual activities and render the dog sterile. Castration usually reduces a dog’s tendency to roam and fight. The procedure may also reduce the general level of aggression. However, castration is not a replacement for obedience training. We recommend neutering your pet at 4 to 6 months of age.

All patients receive a preoperative physical examination before surgery. We perform the operation with the pet under general anesthesia, lasting approximately 20 minutes. The surgeon makes one small incision in front of the scrotum before isolating the testicle and ligating the associated blood vessels and nerves. The reproductive organ is completely removed. Absorbable sutures are placed under the skin to prevent your dog from chewing them out.

 Neutering will do the following:
  • Decrease male aggression. Your pet may not be aggressive to you now, but as some intact males get older, they can become aggressive with family members. (30% reduction*)
  • Decrease male territorial urine marking. (39% reduction*)
  • Decrease the tendency for the male to roam. (40% reduction*)
  • Decrease the risk of prostate infection and prostate cancer.
  • Decrease the risk of perianal adenomas. These tumors form around the rectal area and can be difficult to remove.
  • Decrease the risk of perianal hernias.
  • Eliminate the risk of testicular tumors—the second most common tumor in intact male dogs. Fourteen percent of testicular tumors are malignant.
  • Prevent unwanted pregnancies. Thousands of animals are euthanized at local animal shelters annually. Neutering your pet can help prevent this.

            * A study conducted by Nielsen, Eckstein and Hart (JAVMA, July 15th, 1997)

Frequently Asked Questions

Male dog owners often ask the following:


Will it make my dog fat and lazy?
No. Obesity is due to excessive calorie intake. Weight can be controlled with proper feeding and exercise.

Will it change his disposition, personality or intelligence?
Canine personalities do not fully develop until about 1 – 2 years of age and are influenced primarily by genetics and training. Neutering does not affect personality or intelligence and often improves disposition and behavior.

Shouldn't my dog have a litter first?
No. There is no advantage in allowing your dog to have a litter of puppies.



Ovariohysterectomy is the surgical term for spaying female dogs. The procedure consists of surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus. If the ovaries are not removed, the bothersome heat periods still occur even though pregnancy is impossible. Surgery is usually performed at 4 months of age. Though it is routinely performed, ovariohysterectomy is major abdominal surgery requiring general anesthesia and sterile operating technique.

 

Prevention of pregnancy and heat periods is the main reason for the surgery, but the procedure is also performed in treating severe uterine infections and ovarian and uterine cancers. We recommend spaying your pet at 4 to 6 months of age. All patients receive a preoperative physical examination prior to surgery. We perform the operation with the pet placed under general anesthesia, lasting approximately 20 minutes. A small incision is made on the belly, just bellow the umbilicus. The right ovary is identified and the ovarian artery and vein are ligated. This same procedure is repeated on the left side. After removing the ovaries, the cervix is identified and the uterine artery and vein is ligated, and the entire reproductive organ is removed. The abdomen is closed with two different layers of suture. Your pet’s body will absorb these suture layers 60 – 90 days after the procedure.

Aftercare is minimal, but the surgery site should be checked daily for five days for any excessive redness, swelling, or discharge.

Spaying will do the following:
  • Decrease the risk of mammary tumors. Each of the early heat cycles increase the female’s risk of mammary tumors. Fifty percent of mammary tumors in the dog are malignant.
  • Eliminate the risk of ovarian tumors.
  • Eliminate the risk of pyometra—a life threatening infection of the uterus that occurs in older dogs that have gone through repeated heat cycles.
  • Stop the dog’s heat cycle.
  • Prevent unwanted pregnancies. Thousands of animals are euthanized at local animal shelters annually. Spaying your pet can help prevent this.
Frequently Asked Questions

Female dog owners often ask the following:


Will it make my dog fat and lazy?
No. Obesity is due to excessive calorie intake. Weight can be controlled with proper feeding and exercise.

Will it change her disposition, personality or intelligence?
Canine personalities do not fully develop until about 1 – 2 years of age and are influenced primarily by genetics and training. Spaying does not affect personality or intelligence and often improves disposition and behavior.

Shouldn't my dog have a litter first?
No. There is no advantage in allowing your dog to have a litter of puppies.

 

Castration is the surgical removal of the testicles. When a cat is castrated before sexual maturity at 6 – 8 months of age, the cat’s sexual instincts are reduced, and the cat becomes sterile. Fighting and night prowling, common in intact male cats, are largely eliminated; however, castrated male cats may still want to go outdoors to hunt. The objectionable urine odor and familiar “spraying” behavior of the male cat is also reduced or eliminated. We recommend neutering your pet at 16 weeks of age.

All patients receive a preoperative physical examination prior to surgery. The operation is performed with the cat placed under general anesthesia, lasting approximately 20 minutes. Two small incisions are made in the scrotum, and both testicles are removed. Because the incisions are so small, no sutures are required. Aftercare is minimal, but the surgery site should be checked daily for five days for any excessive redness, swelling, or discharge.

Neutering will do the following:
  • Help prevent your cat from spraying urine.
  • Decrease your cat’s tendency to roam.
  • Decrease your cat’s tendency to fight with other cats.
  • Eliminate the risk of testicular tumors.
  • Prevent unwanted pregnancies. Thousands of animals are euthanized at local animal shelters annually. Neutering your pet can help prevent this.
Frequently Asked Questions

Male cat owners often ask the following:


Will it make my cat fat and lazy?
No. Obesity is due to excessive calorie intake. Weight can be controlled with proper feeding and exercise.

Will it change his disposition, personality or intelligence?
Feline personalities do not fully develop until about 1 year of age and are influenced primarily by genetics and training. Neutering does not affect personality or intelligence and often improves disposition and behavior.


 

 

Ovariohysterectomy is the surgical term for spaying female cats. The procedure consists of surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus. If the ovaries are not removed, the bothersome heat periods still occur even though pregnancy is impossible. Surgery is usually performed at 4 months of age. Though it is routinely performed, ovariohysterectomy is major abdominal surgery requiring general anesthesia and sterile operating technique. Prevention of pregnancy and heat periods is the main reason for the surgery, but the procedure is also performed in treating severe uterine infections and ovarian and uterine cancers. We recommend spaying your cat at 16 weeks of age.

All patients receive a preoperative physical examination before surgery. The operation is performed with the cat placed under general anesthesia, lasting approximately 20 minutes. A small incision is made on the belly, just bellow the umbilicus. The right ovary is identified and the ovarian artery and vein are ligated. This same procedure is repeated on the left side. After removing the ovaries, the cervix is identified and the uterine artery and vein is ligated, and the entire reproductive organ is removed. The abdomen is closed with two different layers of suture. The first layer will absorb, and we remove the second layer seven days after the procedure. Aftercare is minimal, but the surgery site should be checked daily for five days for any excessive redness, swelling or discharge.

Spaying will do the following:
  •  Decrease the risk of mammary tumors. Eighty percent of mammary tumors in cats are malignant.
  • Eliminate the risk of ovarian tumors.
  • Eliminate the risk of pyometra—a life threatening infection to the uterus.
  • Stop the cat’s heat cycle. A cat can cycle every 2 or 3 weeks when they are in season, which can last several months.
  • Prevent unwanted pregnancies. Precisely 11,708 animals were destroyed at the Springfield Humane Society in 1996. Spaying your pet can helped prevent this problem moving forward.
Frequently Asked Questions

Female cat owners often ask the following:


Will it make my cat fat and lazy?
No. Obesity is due to excessive calorie intake. Weight can be controlled with proper feeding and exercise.

Will it change her disposition, personality, or intelligence?
Feline personalities do not fully develop until about 1 year of age and are influenced primarily by genetics and training. Spaying does not affect personality or intelligence and often improves disposition and behavior.

Shouldn't my cat have a litter first?
No. There is no advantage in allowing your cat to have a litter of kittens.


Recovering from Pet Surgery

After general anesthesia and surgery, ample recovery time is required. On discharge, your pet may be a little woozy. This is a normal side effect of some anesthetics used during the procedure. Keep your pet as quiet as possible the first few hours after you get home. You may offer a small amount of water to your pet after it has been home for a half an hour or so. Watch for any vomiting. Wait an hour or so and offer more water and about half the amount of dinner you normally feed your pet if no vomiting occurs. If your pet vomits the small amount of water offered initially, withhold all food and water until the next morning. Be sure to keep your pet at a comfortable temperature the night after surgery. Pets who have had a general anesthetic have a harder time regulating their body temperature, and it is easy for them to get overheated or chilled when outdoor temperatures are at extremes.

Your pet may want to lick and clean the surgery site. A little investigation of the surgery site is normal, but please call Deerfield if you notice an excessive amount of chewing or licking. We may need to place an Elizabethan collar or a covering of some sort over the surgery site to keep your pet from licking or chewing the incision.

Be sure to check the surgery area daily. Slight discoloration and discharge from the incision may be normal, but bleeding usually is not. If you notice bleeding, swelling, or discharge from the incision or you have any concerns, please call. Be sure to give pain relievers or other medications as directed. Return your pet to its normal routine and offer regular amounts of food and water the day following surgery, unless instructed otherwise by the doctor.

Thank you for entrusting us with your pet’s care and surgery.